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 What are The Different Types of Knee Surgery for Arthritis?

 What are The Different Types of Knee Surgery for Arthritis? There are multiple types of knee replacement surgeries that your doctor may recommend based on case to case.
What are the Different Types of Knee Surgery

When you’re dealing with knee surgery, it’s important to understand how will you be benefitted and which surgery has a less lengthy and shorter recovery time. A lot of people who are being advised to undergo knee surgery, like total knee replacement surgery and knee arthroscopy, often have questions to ask like- “will knee surgery really help me? “ will knee surgery reduce my arthritis pain, “what are the risks?” and “How’s the recovery process?’’ 

For example- for those who’ve been diagnosed with severe knee pain and arthritis, total knee replacement versus a single knee replacement is still a topic of debate. To help answer such questions related to your knee surgery, we have come with a list of knee surgeries based on the nature of the surgery, recovery time, and risks involved. 


When do you need knee surgery?

If you have failed to respond to other forms of knee pain treatment, knee surgery is an ideal option for you. You will be considered for knee surgery if:

  • You have recurring knee pain.

  • Your pain is critical enough to restrict work, recreation, and everyday activities

  • You have knee stiffness

  • Your knee is unstable/constantly giving away.

  • You have knee deformities like knock-knees or bowlegs


What Are The Different Types of Knee Surgery Arthritis?

Total Knee Replacement surgery: During total knee replacement surgery, your best knee replacement surgeon in Bangalore removes some bone and cartilage from the areas of your bone and shine bone, where they meet at your knee joint. Your knee doctor in Bangalore will replace the knee area of your thigh bone with a metal implant and the knee area of your shinbone with a plastic implant.

Used to treat: Severe arthritis 

Risks and Complications: 

  • Loosening of the prosthesis

  • Knee stiffness

  • Infection in the knee

  • Urinary tract infection

  • Blood clots in the leg

  • Blood clots in the lungs

  • Pneumonia

  • Knee pain

Recovery time: You can normally drive again after 4 to 6 weeks, and return to work after 6 to 8 weeks. Physical therapy may be provided for 3 months.

Knee arthroscopy: During knee arthroscopy, your knee surgeon will make a very small cut and insert a tiny camera-called an arthroscope into your knee. This allows him/her to view the inside area of the joint on the monitor. It is a minimally invasive procedure. 

Used to treat: Problems in the knee joint and arthritis, swollen synovium, fractures in the knee bones, torn meniscus, torn anterior or posterior cruciate ligaments

Risks and Complications: 

  • bleeding inside the knee joint

  • formation of a blood clot in the leg

  • infection inside the joint

  • stiffness in the knee

  • injury or damage to the cartilage, ligaments, meniscus, blood vessels, or nerves of the knee

Recovery time: You may be able to resume light activity in 1–3 weeks and other physical activities in 6–8 weeks.

ACL Reconstruction Surgery: During ACL Surgery, the ACL Reconstruction surgeon will replace the damaged ligament with new ACL graft tissue obtained from your hamstring. Regardless of the condition of your ACL injury, the best ACL surgeon can stabilize your knee and restore ligament’s functionality.

Used to treat- Articular Cartilage Injury,  Arthritis, Osteoarthritis of knee

Risks and Complications:

  • bleeding and blood clots

  • continued knee pain

  • disease transmission of the graft from a cadaver

  • infection

  • knee stiffness or weakness

  • loss of range of motion

  • Lack of healing of the graft is rejected by the immune system

Recovery time: You may be able to resume light activity in 1–3 weeks and other physical activities in 6–8 weeks.

Who can undergo knee surgery?

Before deciding on a particular surgery, your surgeon will look at specific indicators to ensure you meet the criteria. 

An ideal knee surgery candidate should meet the following conditions

  • Overall good health

  • Average or better physical fitness

  • Not overweight

  • Inspired to work through rigorous physical therapy and ReHab

  • Younger in age (under 65)

  • Has support at home for recovery

  • Have deformed joints 

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